Daily body care is a matter of course for most people. But how much care does the skin need? There is no patent recipe. The fact is, however, that any contact with water and cleanser removes moisture from the skin and weakens its acid protection mantle. Frequent showering and bathing thus entails the risk that the skin will dry out and lose its elasticity.
The ideal skin cleansing
The ideal skin cleansing should be adapted to the individual skin type, the age, the skin condition and the degree of soiling of the skin.
In the case of rather dry skin, it is advisable to take a shower only once a day and to be cautious with bathing. Soap or other alkaline detergents should be replaced by mild, refatting detergents and creams so-called syndets, which are adapted to the pH value of the skin and attack their acid protection coat less.
Free radicals – cell killer for the skin
Free radicals, also called oxidants, are parts of molecules (e.g., oxygen) that are found in the organism and have become very reactive by external influences such as nicotine, air pollutants or heavy metals.
This means that they are constantly looking for other chemical substances with which they can form a compound. They attack collagen, cell membrane and the lipid layer of the skin.
Normally, the body protects the cells against these aggressors by means of highly active molecular compounds – so-called radical scavengers or antioxidants. If these substances are not present in sufficient numbers or the free radicals increase, cells are destroyed and those who survive can not regenerate quickly enough and age prematurely. These processes are particularly evident on the skin: through accelerated skin aging, premature wrinkling and tired and sagging skin.
Hope from crucibles and pots
With promises such as “cellactive”, “moisturizing”, “nourishing”, “pore-refining”, “vitalising”, the cosmetics industry makes billions every year. The miracle, however, does not give the eternally young appearance. However, with a healthy lifestyle, a balanced diet as well as a targeted, consistent care, aging phenomena can be postponed.
A daily cream is used to protect the skin from drying out and pollutants. For this, the cream must provide them with moisture and fat and help the skin to store these substances. Since UV radiation is one of the most aggressive enemies of the skin, the daily cream should also contain a UV filter with a light protection factor of at least four.
The night cream has the task to support the skin during recovery and regeneration and should therefore contain a great deal of nutrients and moisture.
What works as in skin care products?
Many substances in skin care preparations are known from the name, which is hidden behind the name, but is often unknown. Here is a list of common drugs:
AHA acids (alpha-hydroxy acids) are natural fruit and lactic acids from grapes, apples, olives, lemons and milk. They can penetrate the skin particularly well and accelerate cell renewal. The skin is fresher and smoother. In the connective tissue they can influence the collagen favorably. Because of their strong irritation, AHA acids in higher doses may only be used by experienced beauticians and skin doctors.
Antioxidants are mainly contained in moisturizers, makeup and suncreams. These vitamins – betacarotin, vitamin C and E – are supposed to counteract damage caused by free radicals that cause sun, pollutants and cigarette smoke.
Beta-hydroxy acids are closely related to the AHA acids, the most common being salicylic acid. It acts scaling and loosens blackheads.
Ceramides are lipids used in skin creams. They are an important building material in the fat of the horny layer and form a protective film, which makes the skin more resistant.
Enzymes are found mainly in moisturizers and masks. Peeling substances on Enzymbase are natural active ingredients that gently and thoroughly remove dead cells from the skin surface without damaging or irritating the living cells.
Hyaluronic acid is an active ingredient which the body itself forms. It can store a lot of moisture. Care products with hyaluronic acid are suitable for mature and dry skin.
Collagen / elastin are important elements in the support structure of the skin, which make them elastic and supple. Collagen-containing creams and masks can moisturize the skin’s surface.
Liposomes are so fine that they can also penetrate into deeper skin layers and can transport active substances such as collagen, for example.
Panthenol / Pro-Vitamin B5 is a special form of vitamin B5. It can store moisture. It has a calming effect on skin irritation and sands and is therefore included in many skin care products as well as après-sun lotions.
Retinol (vitamin A), which is contained in a series of moisture creams, is believed to oxidize the skin to retinoic acid. This, in turn, is intended to delay or reverse some of the phenomena of the age by light.
Oxygen, which is contained in skin care products, is supposed to stimulate the cell activity and renewal on the skin surface. It is best to carry oxygen from the skin through a brisk walk.
Urea – urea – is one of the active ingredients that can bind moisture and have a healing effect.